Tag Archives: FCE Berkshire

ESTRATEGIAS PARA B2 FIRST Y C1 ADVANCED LISTENING

El listening es la segunda parte del examen B1 First y C1 Advanced es un ejercicio para rellenar huecos. Recibirás una serie de frases con espacios en blanco y tendrás que completar los espacios con una palabra o frase corta. Aquí tienes algunas estrategias que puedes usar para tratar de acertar las respuestas. 

En primer lugar, tienes tiempo para leer el texto antes de escuchar, ¡así que léelo! Pero necesitas leer rápidamente porque no hay mucho tiempo para ello. 

 

Cuando leas, usa el contexto para saber el tipo de palabra o palabras que necesitas para completar los espacios con – ¿necesitas un sustantivo, un adjetivo, un verbo, un adverbio, etc.? 

 

También, usa el contexto para predecir el tipo de información que va en la hueco. Esto te ayudará a saber qué escuchar. 

 

Cuando completes los espacios en blanco, debes usar la palabra o palabras exactas que escuches en el audio. 

 

Es difícil escribir una respuesta y seguir escuchando la siguiente. Por lo tanto, en lugar de intentar escribir la palabra completa o una frase corta, simplemente escribe una abreviatura (por ejemplo, la primera letra de la(s) palabra(s)). Después de escuchar, puedes escribir la respuesta completa. Hacer esto significa que usted puede pasar más tiempo concentrado en escuchar y menos tiempo pensando en escribir. 

 

Escuchas dos veces. Usa la primera vez para buscar la respuesta; usa la segunda para comprobar que la respuesta es correcta. 

 

Después de completar las respuestas, vuelve a leer las frases para comprobar que tienen sentido. Las oraciones siempre tienen sentido cuando se completan con la respuesta correcta. Si la oración tiene sentido, tu respuesta podría ser correcta; si la oración no tiene sentido, tu respuesta no será correcta. 

 

¡RESPONDE SIEMPRE! No pierdes ningun punto por las respuestas incorrectas, así que si no estás seguro, simplemente intenta adivinar – ¡puede que aciertes y entonces obtengas un punto! En el examen de comprensión auditiva, tienes una hoja de preguntas y una hoja de respuestas. Después de haber completado todas las partes del examen de comprensión auditiva (Parte 1, 2, 3 y 4), tienes tiempo para transferir tus respuestas de la hoja de preguntas a la hoja de respuestas. ¡Tienes que hacerlo! ¡Si no lo haces, no tendrás ninguna nota! La hoja de respuestas se envía a Cambridge y se marca, pero el papel de preguntas se destruye. 

 

Por lo tanto, prueba estas estrategias cuando realices las pruebas de práctica, averigua cuáles funcionan para ti y luego úsalas también en el examen. ¡Buena suerte! 

Consulta la versión en inglés:

STRATEGIES FOR B2 FIRST AND C1 ADVANCED LISTENING PART 2

ВЫСТУПЛЕНИЯ

Попробуйте выполнить следующие шаги, для того чтобы сделать эффективные презентации.

Что нужно выяснить вначале:

– узнать длительность презентации

– узнать, для кого презентация, так как это повлияет на стиль Вашей презентации

Подготовка:

– не записывайте подробно свою презентацию; вместо этого используйте заметки, которые Вы можете видеть и легко читать

– выделите важные слова

– используйте слова или выражения, связывающие Вашу презентацию вместе

– подумайте о времени и решите, когда Вы собираетесь сделать паузу, и запишите это

Практика:

– зрительный контакт – представьте, что аудитория там, и потренируйтесь смотреть на нее

– говорите достаточно громко, чтобы быть услышанным

– говорите достаточно медленно, чтобы быть услышанным

– стойте уверенно

– используйте жесты рук

– эффективно используйте интонацию

– запишите себя, воспроизведите позже и подумайте, как можно бы улучшить – затем попрактикуйтесь снова!

На презентации:

– делайте все, что Вы практиковали!

Presentations!

Try going following these stages to help you deliver effective presentations.

Thing to find out first:

– find out how long you need to speak for

– find out who you’re speaking to as this will affect the style of your presentation

Preparing:

– do not write out your presentation in full; instead, use notes in large writing, so you can see what you’ve written and read it easily

– highlight important words

– use linking words or expressions to connect your presentation together

– think about your timing and decide when you are going to pause and make a note of it

Practising:

– eye-contact – pretend the audience is there and practise looking at them

– speak loudly enough to be heard

– speak slowly enough to be heard

– stand confidently

– use hand gestures

– make effective use of intonation

– record yourself, play it back later and think about how you could improve – then practise again!

Delivering:

– do everything that you’ve been practising!

ESPECULAR SOBRE LAS FOTOS EN LOS EXÁMENES DE EXPRESIÓN ORAL

¿Te preguntas qué decir cuando tienes que hablar de fotos en tu examen de expresión oral? Especular es la respuesta. “Pero ¿qué es especular y cómo lo hago?” Te oigo preguntar. Sigue leyendo para obtener la respuesta. 

Especular es cuando adivinas algo basado en la evidencia, y usar modales de especulación es una gran manera de especular. Aquí tienes algunos ejemplos: 

 

 

I think hmust be happy because he’s smiling. 

 

Aquí usamos must + bare / base infinitive para mostrar que estás casi completamente seguro de que algo es verdad. 

 

He’s looking at a website, so he could be looking for another job. 

 

Aquí temenos could + be + ing para mostrar posibilidad. 

 

He looks injured. I reckon he might have broken his leg. 

 

Aquí usamos might + have + past participle para mostrar posibilidad. 

 

She seems tired, so I think she may have been working very hard today. 

 

Aquí temenos may + have + been + ing para mostrar posibilidad 

 

También podemos usar can’t para mostrar que estás casi completamente seguro de que algo no es cierto, por ejemplo: 

 

She can’t have slept enough last night because she looks tired. 

 

Los dos primeros ejemplos son sobre el presente. Si estás haciendo el examen B2 First, puedes impresionar a los examinadores usando modales de especulación en el presente. 

 

Los últimos tres ejemplos son sobre el pasado. Si estás realizando el examen C1 Advanced, puedes impresionar a los examinadores utilizando modales de especulación del pasado. 

 

Por lo tanto, no te quedes sin palabras cuando tengas que hablar de fotos en tu examen de expresión oral. Especula basado en lo que puedes ver y usa modales de especulación para hacerlo. 

 

WHY ENGLISH CAN BE HARD

English can be difficult because sometimes words with the same spelling can have different meanings and / or pronunciations.

Here are some examples for you to try to figure out:

  • The bandage was wound around the wound.
  • The farm was cultivated to produce produce.
  • The dump was so full that the workers had to refuse more refuse.
  • We must polish the Polish furniture.
  • The soldier decided to desert his tasty dessert in the desert.
  • Since there is no time like the present, he thought it was time to present the present to his girlfriend.
  • A bass was painted on the bass drum.
  • I did not object to the object which he showed me.
  • The insurance was invalid for the invalid in his hospital bed.
  • There was a row among the oarsmen about who would row.
  • They were too close to the door to close it.
  • The buck does funny things when the does are present.
  • A seamstress and a sewer fell down into a sewer.
  • To help with planting, a farmer taught his sow to sow.
  • The wind was too strong to wind the sail around the mast.
  • Upon seeing the tear in her painting, she shed a tear.
  • I has to subject the subject to a series of tests.
  • How can I intimate this to my most intimate friend?

MINOR SENTENCES

A minor sentence can be thought of as a sentence where a verb is missing. Here are some examples:

  • Nothing coming.
  • Wow!
  • Like father, like son.
  • Not now.
  • Sarah here.
  • Oi, you!

It could even be possible to have a whole conversation using minor sentences:

A: How much for these?

B: One pound for ten.

A: Too much. How about these? How much for them?

B: Ninety pence for ten.

A: Alright.

B: A few sprigs of parsley too?

A: Okay.

Minor sentences are informal, so are most often found in spoken English rather than written English. However, these days, you could also come across them in tweets.

For more information about studying General English, Cambridge Exam Preparation or IELTS Exam Preparation courses with Europeak Southampton or Eurospeak Reading, please contact us on:

THE EASIEST LANGUAGES TO LEARN

Mastered English? Then these languages should be a breeze. Here are the six easiest languages for English-speakers to learn:

Dutch

The sixth easiest language for English-speakers to learn is Dutch. Many Dutch words are written the same as English ones – but be careful as the pronunciation can be different.

Portuguese

Portuguese also shares many words with English but watch out for false friends!

Indonesian

Indonesian is one of the few Asian language that shares the same alphabet as English. A lot of the pronunciation matches the written form too.

Italian

Some Italian words are similar to English. English has also stolen a lot of Italian food words, so if you know these words in English, you know them in Italian too.

French

There are a lot of shared words in English and French as the languages have influenced each other throughout history.

Swahili

The easiest language for English-speakers to learn is Swahili. Swahili has very straightforward pronunciation and grammar, and it has also borrowed some words from English.

So, now you know English, which language will you learn next?

For more information about studying General English, Cambridge Exam Preparation or IELTS Exam Preparation courses with Europeak Southampton or Eurospeak Reading, please contact us on:

THE MOST DIFFICULT LANGUAGES TO LEARN

You might have thought English was hard, but, apparently, these are the six most difficult languages to learn.

Mandarin

Mandarin had thousands of special characters and four tones.

Arabic

Arabic has 28 script letters and sounds that do not exist in some other languages.

Polish

Polish spelling uses a lot of consonants, which makes writing and pronunciation hard.

Russian

Russian uses the Cyrillic alphabet. If your language uses the Roman alphabet (like English), this can be difficult because some of the letters look the same, but the pronunciation is different.

Turkish

In Turkish prefixes and suffixes are added to words in order to change their meaning or show direction.

Danish

Written Danish is often very different to its pronunciation.

For more information about studying General English, Cambridge Exam Preparation or IELTS Exam Preparation courses with Europeak Southampton or Eurospeak Reading, please contact us on:

READING GRADED READERS

What are graded readers?

Graded readers are books written for language learners. This means that the language is kept very simple – only common words and simple grammar are used. These books also include pictures to help you understand the story.

How can graded readers help me improve my English?

Reading graded readers is a good way to increase the amount of time you spend using English, which can help you develop the knowledge and skills you need to use English. Reading graded readers can help you:

  1. Develop your reading skills. You will become a faster reader and understand texts better.
  2. Learn vocabulary incidentally. You will consolidate vocabulary you already know and learn new vocabulary while your focus is on reading. This is, in part, because the same vocabulary is often used repeatedly throughout a story.
  3. Consolidate grammatical knowledge. You will find grammatical structures you have learnt in class in context, which can help you develop a better understanding of these structures. You may also learn new grammar.
  4. Improve your writing skills. You will be better prepared to write in English, as reading is closely linked to writing.

Which level should I read?

You should be able to read fast and without a dictionary. This means that the books you read should be easy to understand. The objective is not to learn new vocabulary, but rather to read quickly for general understanding and pleasure.

How much should I read?

For graded readers to be most effective, you need to read regularly. It is generally recommended that learners read about one book a week. Note that graded readers are very short and can often be read in about two hours or so.

For more information about studying General English, Cambridge Exam Preparation or IELTS Exam Preparation courses with Europeak Southampton or Eurospeak Reading, please contact us on:

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